There are various signs and symptoms associated with fungal infection including:

  • Itching and pain.
  • Cracked or peeling skin.
  • Redness and inflamed skin.
  • Stinging and burning sensation in the infected area.

Fungal Infections

Fungal infection is a type of inflammatory infection in which the fungi invade inside the body. The fungus is a primitive organism, and they are present everywhere in the surroundings (soil, air, plants, and water), and mostly found in the warm and moist conditions. Most of the fungi are harmless, but certain types can cause serious infections. The fungi reproduce through tiny spores in the air. Fungal infections can affect the scalp, feet, underarms, groin areas, nails, skin, and any other body parts. Sometimes, the spores are inhaled, and infection often affects the lungs and other body organs as well.

The most common types of fungus that can cause life-threatening infection include

1. Aspergillus

It is a mould, and it causes aspergillosis. It affects people with compromised immune system and lung disease. It can be a severe pulmonary and bloodstream infection. Mostly occur in people with cancer, HIV, and bone marrow transplants.

2. Candida

It is typically found in mouth and intestines and on the skin. It often grows uncontrollably and causes candidiasis. Diabetes, weak immune system, taking antibiotics, high-stress level, high alcohol intake can cause candida overgrowth. It can cause oral thrush, urinary tract infections, sinus infections, and joint pain.

3. Pneumocystis jirovecii

This infection causes fluid build-up in the lungs, and it mainly affects people with a compromised immune system.

Types of fungal infection

Ringworm or dermatophytosis, is the most common fungal infection that causes itchy, red, circular rashes. Ringworm can affect any part of the body and despite of its name, it doesn’t have anything to do with worms. If the ringworm affects groin area, it cause jock itch, and if it affects feet it is called athlete's foot.

Many people also develop fungal nail infection (medically called onychomycosis) which causes nail to become painful, brittle, discolored (white, yellow, green, black), distorted, and thickened. Sometimes, the nail infection also spreads on the nearby skin and it becomes itchy, red, cracked or swollen. The people with compromised immune systems are at increased risk of developing fungal infections.

Vaginal yeast infection caused by Candida albicans, are common in women. This happens when the balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina is disrupted due to the hormonal imbalance, stress, diet, and other factors. Women often suffer from pain and burning sensation during urination, itching, and swelling in the vaginal area, grey lumps and watery discharge also occur. This infection requires immediate medical attention, as symptoms can worsen if left untreated.

It is necessary to maintain good hygiene to prevent the occurrence of fungal infections, to stop the infection from getting worse or spreading it to others.

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Various ways that can help to prevent fungal infections

  • 1Wear well fitting shoes and clean socks, that allows the feet to breathe. Apply antifungal powder to the shoes, this prevents the fungal spores from growing.
  • 2Discard the old footwear, as it can easily get contaminated with fungi.
  • 3Keep your nails short.
  • 4Use only sterilised nail salon equipment
  • 5Do not share the scissors and clippers with other people.
  • 6 Keep the body and hands clean and dry.
  • 7Do not walk barefoot in public showers, pools, and locker rooms. Wear shower shoes to protect your feet.
  • 8Athlete’s foot easily spreads in gym and swimming pool changing rooms. Be cautious and do not share your towels and clothes.
  • 9Treat your pets if they suffer from any type of skin infection, as human beings can catch these infections by stroking them.
  • 10Maintain hygiene, and change and wash your undergarments daily.
  • 11Take showers daily and even after performing strenuous physical activities.
  • 12Avoid wearing tight fitting clothes, wear loose and skin friendly clothes.
  • 13Wash your exercise or gym clothes after each use.

Diagnosis and Tests

Fungal culture test, blood culture test, skin rashes, analysis of symptoms is done to determine the type of fungal infection.


Our dermatologists at Dermaworld Skin Clinics will prescribe antifungal tables, antifungal shampoos, and antifungal ointments to treat fungal infections. Dermaworld Skin Clinics provide with an effective and safe treatment for various types of fungal infections, and can help one to achieve a disease-free skin.


There are various signs and symptoms associated with fungal infection including:

  • 1. Itching and pain.
  • 2. Cracked or peeling skin.
  • 3. Redness and inflamed skin.
  • 4. Stinging and burning sensation in the infected area.


Dr. Rohit Batra, an MD (Dermatology,
Venereology & Leprology), is an adult,
pediatric and cosmetic dermatologist
& dermato-surgeon based at New Delhi.






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