Symptoms of Eczema

  • Itching and inflamed skin.
  • Red and scaly areas.
  • Thick and leathery patches formation.
  • Dry skin.
  • Rashes on scalp or cheek.
  • Rashes that are bumpy in appearance.
  • Itchiness that may interfere with sleeping
  • Bumps that leak fluid and crust over.

Eczema

Eczema is a skin condition in which the skin patches become inflamed, red, cracked, dry, rough, and itchy. Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. Eczema is not a contagious condition. The dermatological treatments available at Dermaworld Skin Clinics (Delhi) can help the damaged skin and also in alleviating symptoms. Continuous rubbing and scratching because of the eczema itch also lead to certain other skin infections. It also makes the skin more inflamed and itchiness worse.

The specific cause of eczema remains unknown, but it is often caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Small children whose parents have an atopic disease; the risk of having eczema in them is higher.

Factors responsible to trigger eczema

  1. Food items such as soy products, eggs, nuts, dairy products can cause eczema flare-ups.
  2. Environmental factors, pollen grains, dust, mould, mites, and animal fur.
  3. Irritants such as shampoos, detergents, and disinfectants.
  4. Certain fungi, microbes, and staphylococcus bacteria.
  5. Stress, hormonal changes, and change in seasons (hot and cold temperature) are responsible for causing eczema.

Treatment

Our dermatologist provides with a particular or combination of treatments and medications to combat eczema and minimize its symptoms. At Dermaworld Skin Clinics, this course of action is determined after a thorough examination of the patient’s condition and diagnosis. Various medications and treatment measures that are required to treat eczema include:

  1. Antibiotics.
  2. Topical corticosteroid creams and ointments.
  3. Antiviral and antifungal medications.
  4. Antihistamines.
  5. Barrier repair moisturizers.
  6. Photo-therapy.

In many people, eczema goes away with time, and for some, it remains for a lifetime. One can prevent eczema by avoiding the factors that can cause it. Eczema can greatly affect a person's life. That's why the itching and discomfort caused by eczema require immediate medical attention, and one must consult with a dermatologist at the earliest.

A skin patch test can help to determine the underlying cause of eczema and based on the medical history, symptoms and triggering factors, the treatment, ointments, and medications are provided by a dermatologist.

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Various methods can help people with eczema to support their skin health, such as:

  1. Application of skin-friendly natural moisturizers.
  2. Wearing cotton clothing and avoiding rough, synthetics, and tight-fitting clothes.
  3. Using a mild soap.
  4. Learning about and avoiding eczema triggers.
  5. Avoid skin scratching by keeping their fingernails short.
  6. Application of cold compress to ease itching.
  7. Bleach baths help to control atopic dermatitis and Staphylococcus infection.
  8. Taking lukewarm baths.

 

People with eczema have excessively dry skin. A dry climate and winter season can flare up the condition. Hence, it is always recommended to keep the skin hydrated and moisturized.


Dr. Rohit Batra, an MD (Dermatology,
Venereology & Leprology), is an adult,
pediatric and cosmetic dermatologist
& dermato-surgeon based at New Delhi.


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Disclaimer*- The information, text, images, videos present on this website are for awareness purpose only and is not intended as a substitute for medical advice. (Dermaworld) and its associates do not intend to encourage any person to undergo any treatment or surgery without any proper consultation. Always seek advice from a qualified doctor or medical professional for treating any medical condition or disease.